The Swedish system of higher education has changed significantly in recent years as a result of what is known as the Bologna Process. The aim is to create an integrated European Higher Education Area (EHEA).

The Bologna Declaration derives its name from a meeting held in Bologna in 1999. A declaration signed there by 29 countries makes it easier for students and university graduates seeking jobs to move across national borders within Europe. By now, nearly 50 countries have signed the agreement. Its three goals are to:

  • promote mobility.
  • promote employability; and
  • promote Europe’s competitiveness as an education continent.

In Sweden’s case, the Bologna Process has led the Riksdag to ratify the Lisbon Convention, which entails reciprocal recognition of degrees in other countries. Another result is that everyone who earns a university degree receives a diploma supplement, which makes it easier to use the degree abroad for further studies or employment.